Earlier this month, Congress passed The Preventing Sex Trafficking and Strengthening Families Act (H.R. 4980), which now awaits President Obama’s signature.
This bi-partisan measure, introduced in June, was a combination of several House and Senate bills intended to address the prevention of domestic child sex trafficking in relation to the child welfare system (H.R. 4058, S.1878), the reauthorization and expansion of the adoption incentive program (H.R. 3205, S. 1876), and improvements to child support (H.R. 1896, S. 1877).
Congress’ action is good news for children and youth in foster care because the act will require states to develop protocols to identify, report and provide services to trafficking victims who were involved with the child welfare system. It also requires states to implement a “reasonable and prudent parent standard” to enable foster parents and other caregivers to make parental decisions regarding health, safety, extracurricular activities, etc. This standard will help ensure children and youth in foster care have greater normalcy in daily activities, and will help streamline decision making versus needing to rely heavily on agency policy and the courts.
In addition to addressing safety and well-being, the new law makes a number of changes to promote permanent families for children and youth. It limits the use of the court-ordered permanency goal of Another Planned Permanent Living Arrangement (APPLA), which too often translates into long-term foster care. Also, the measure reauthorizes and expands the federal adoption incentives program, which provides additional funding to states that successfully facilitate adoption for children waiting in foster care for a family. The changes to this incentive program should help ensure Pennsylvania will continue to benefit from these incentive funds.
For further information, the Children’s Defense Fund has created a helpful summary of the act.
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