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A Closer Look at PA's Latest Child Abuse Data

The Pennsylvania Department of Human Services (DHS) recently released its 2015 Annual Child Protective Services Report, which found both the total number of suspected cases of abuse and the number of substantiated reports have increased since 2014.

As PPC has noted in the past, these increases may be the result of the 24 child protection laws passed since 2013 that have increased both public awareness and the responsibilities of mandated reporters.

While the number of total suspected reports increased from 29,273 to 40,590, the rate of substantiated cases decreased from 11.4 to 10.4, potentially signaling a more vigilant Pennsylvania when it comes to child abuse and neglect.

The annual report is mandated by law to include a statistical analysis of the year’s child protective services (CPS) reports and general protective services (GPS) assessments, and seek to offer a high-level overview of the state of child abuse and neglect in the commonwealth. Last year was the first full year in which all CPS and GPS reports and assessments were received and maintained at ChildLine, rather than being processed in two separate databases –  a change designed to streamline the process of identifying perpetrators of child abuse seeking to work or volunteer in positions that require direct contact with children.

Over one million individuals requested child abuse clearances in 2015, and ChildLine identified 1,828 as on file as perpetrators of abuse. Further, 497,285 Pennsylvanians were trained in child abuse recognition and reporting by the three DHS contracted vendors in 2015 alone.

The latest bill designed to improve child protection in the state, Senate Bill 1156, is currently pending in the Senate Rules and Executive Nominations Committee. It would require health care personnel and clergy who are responsible for a child’s welfare or have direct contact with children to obtain background checks, and would extend the time valid GPS reports can be kept in the statewide database.


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